The Different Kinds of Brain Injuries

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By: Bill Henry
PublishedMar 27, 2020
2 minute read

There are different kinds of brain injuries. However, the most common type of brain injury from a car crash is a concussion.

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Are There Different Kinds of Brain Injuries? 

The answer is yes. There are three main categories.

Injuries from Illnesses

The first category is a brain injury that results from an illness, i.e., from Alzheimer’s, dementia, or a stroke.

Injuries from Oxygen Deprivation 

The second type of brain injury is one that occurs when the brain is denied oxygen. This happens for example in cardiac arrest or carbon monoxide poisoning.

Injuries from Head Trauma

The third type of brain injury is a traumatic brain injury (TBI), and it results from either a direct blow to the head or an indirect uncontrolled movement where the brain is shaking inside the skull.

Traumatic Brain Injuries & Car Crashes

Today, we’ll talk about traumatic brain injuries that result from car crashes.

A traumatic brain injury can occur from:
  • an open head wound
  • an closed head wound
  • an closed head injury

An open head injury is what it sounds like – the skull is actually fractured.

In a closed head injury, the skull is intact, but the brain was still rattled around inside the skull.

Closed Head Injures are More Common in Car Crashes

These injuries can result in concussions, which are considered a widespread injury to the brain.

If the impact is strong enough, a contusion can form. A contusion is swelling and bleeding of the brain that can have very severe effects and can be life threatening.

Types of Concussions

Concussions also have different levels of severity. Some involve no loss of consciousness, while some cause only a brief loss of consciousness.

Example of Brief Loss of Consciousness

Sometimes my clients will say, “I was hit by this other car, and then the next thing I knew paramedics were knocking on my window.”

Examples of Extended Loss of Consciousness & Amnesia

In more severe cases, the person may lose consciousness until they get to the hospital. Amnesia can also be either pre- or post-incident.

Somebody may say, “I don’t remember how the accident happened. I just remember waking up in the hospital.” That would be pre-crash amnesia.

An example of post-crash amnesia would be where somebody says, “I don’t remember anything that happened until I woke up in my bed at home the next day.”

So there’s a wide range of concussions.

There is Help for Concussions

If you have suffered a brain injury from a car crash, it’s crucial that you receive the proper treatment and diagnosis, and have all the options to recover.

Connect With Us

If you have questions about a car crash brain injury, a concussion or treatment, feel free to reach out. Give us a call at 303-688-0944 to schedule a case assessment.

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